Huanglongbing: O Que Se Sabe até Agora Sobre a Maior Ameaça para a Citricultura Mundial?




Huanglongbing (or HLB) is the most devastating citrus disease that is widespread throughout the world,
causing enormous economic damage to the citrus industry and making oranges and the juice produced
with them of lower quality for consumption. The presumptive causal agent of the disease is the bacteria
Candidatus Liberibacter spp. that has not yet been cultivated in vitro, with three species: Ca. L. asiaticus,
Ca. L. americanus and Ca. L. africanus. Currently, there is no cure for HLB disease. The disease has
been managed by the use of healthy nursery trees; monitoring and controlling the psyllid vector; and
scouting and eradication of symptomatic trees. One of the alternatives to reduce the problem, currently in
use in Florida, USA, has been the prolonged use of antibiotics; however, the long-term practice may be
harmful to human health and to the environment. In this sense, the main objective of the present review is
to discuss strategies applied to gain deeper understanding concerning chemical and biochemical aspects
of HLB disease and review different methodologies to be potentially applied to control the spreading of
the disease in the fields and to avoid the increase of the incidence in the orchards.






Número Especial: A Ciência Desenvolvida pelos Jovens Pesquisadores no Brasil