In Vitro Evaluation of Synthetic Flavones Against Trypanosoma Cruzi

Jason Guy Taylor

Resumo


Chagas disease is caused by infection with the parasite protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi and affects about 8 million people in 21 countries in Latin America. Treatment of this disease are still based on the use of benznidazole or nifurtimox, which both present low cure rates in the chronic phase and often have many undesirable side effects. Herein, we describe the synthesis of flavones and evaluation of their trypanocidal activity. The flavones were tested to in vitro against Trypanosoma cruzi and amongst the 13 compounds tested, 6 of these demonstrated some modest trypanocidal activity in vitro. Enhancements in anti T. cruzi activity were noted for flavones bearing either nitro or methoxy substituents. Moreover, very low cytotoxicities were maintained with methoxy groups which suggests that this functional group favors more selective trypanocidal compounds.


Palavras-chave


Chagas disease; Flavones; Trypanosoma cruzi; in vitro; Flavonoids; Trypanocidal



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