Uso da cromatografia gasosa bidimensional abrangente (GC×GC-qMS) para caracterizar as várias classes de compostos saturados em petróleos brasileiros

Paulo Roberto Filgueiras

Resumo


Brazilian oil production of pre-salt layer consists of oils with high content of saturated compounds. The identification of paraffinic and naphthenic compounds in these crude oils is key to understanding their rheological behavior. In the present study, comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography was performed to assess the greater separation capacity of products when compared with one-dimensional gas chromatography. Accordingly, it was possible to estimate relative the various classes existing in the saturated fraction of the crude oil. The results indicate that naphthenic compounds (53-77%) are more abundant than n-paraffins and iso-paraffins (22-46%) in nonpolar petroleum fractions from medium to low gravity, according American Petroleum Institute (API). Light oils showed high amount of iso-paraffins (37%), and the second most abundant class was the monocyclic compounds (30%). Crude oils with high pour point showed higher amount of heavy n-paraffins than oils with low pour point, suggesting a correlation between pour point and high molecular weight n-paraffins.

Palavras-chave


Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography; crude oil; saturates



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